The 10 Biggest Revelations From Edward Snowden's Leaks

Former intelligence contractor Edward Snowden poses for a photo during an interview in an undisclosed location in December 2013 in Moscow, Russia.
Former intelligence contractor Edward Snowden poses for a photo during an interview in an undisclosed location in December 2013 in Moscow, Russia.
Image: Barton Gellman/Getty Images

One year ago, the Guardian published its first bombshell story based on leaked top-secret documents showing that the National Security Agency was spying on American citizens.

At the time, journalist Glenn Greenwald and the Guardian never mentioned that they had a treasure trove of other NSA documents, nor that they came from one person. Then three days later, the source surprisingly unmasked himself: His name was Edward Snowden.

Journalist Glenn Greenwald and the Guardian won a Pulitzer Prize for reporting based on Snowden's information.

科学家们让夫妻进入实验室,在他们开始“别扭”对话时观察他们的压力水平。研究发现,面对压力时,用大笑等积极情绪缓解压力的夫妻在一起的时间往往更久。

智能马桶盖海外抢购潮退烧 中国市场引卫浴企业竞相追逐

Sweden’s Proponent of ‘Feminist Foreign Policy,’ Shaped by Abuse
Mr. Lyons took a casting of Ms. Swinton’s mouth and designed teeth to fit. Those were clipped on over Ms. Swinton’s real teeth. For Minister Mason, he came up with a quirky look but didn’t quite want it to be comical. He was, however, interested in adding a little bling. “There’s a little bit of gold on the left-hand side,” he said. “We used real gold to make the filling of one tooth. We did it to put more character into the character.”
英国演员丹尼尔卡卢亚扮演的克里斯华盛顿卷入到一个美国小镇的邪恶阴谋中。
卡塔尔大学被选为最国际化的学校,这也标志着来自中东的大学第一次高居榜首。

1. Secret court orders allow NSA to sweep up Americans' phone records

The very first story revealed that Verizon had been providing the NSA with virtually all of its customers' phone records. It soon was revealed that it wasn't just Verizon, but 五种红木受限价格将上涨 “替代品”或再次蹿红 in America.

This revelation is still one of the most controversial ones. Privacy advocates have challenged the legality of the program in court, and one Judge deemed the program unconstitutional and "almost Orwellian," while another one ruled it legal.

The uproar caused by this first story has led President Barack Obama to endorse a reform to the program, and the House of Representatives to pass the first law that tries to change it.

2. PRISM

The existence of PRISM was the second NSA bombshell, coming less than 24 hours after the first one. Initially, reports described PRISM as the NSA's program to directly access the servers of U.S tech giants like Google, Facebook, Microsoft and Apple, among others.

被误判的通体大理石瓷砖 正阔步从小众迈向大众

PRISM, we soon learned, was less less evil than first thought. In reality, the NSA doesn't have direct access to the servers, but can request user data from the companies, which are compelled by law to comply.

PRISM was perhaps as controversial as the first NSA scoop, prompting technology companies to first deny any knowledge of it, then later fight for the right to be more transparent about government data requests. The companies ended up partially winning that fight, getting the government to ease some restrictions and allow for more transparency.

3. Britain's version of the NSA taps fiber optic cables around the world

据防止虐待动物协会录制的视频显示,那间房间里满是垃圾杂物胡乱不堪,还有动物粪便。
报告提供了对除北京和上海之外的28个国内商业和行政中心城市进行的深入考察。
在毕业3年后的学员当中,男女毕业生薪资分别为9万美元和7.3万美元,相差近22%。刚完成学业时的男女毕业生薪资差距为17%,因此男女薪资差距随着时间推移而扩大(见图表)。
The U.S. is set to add nearly 3 million jobs in 2014 — the biggest increase since 1999. The burst in job creation, expected to continue in 2015, is sure to fuel consumer spending. So, too, will a plunge in gasoline prices that's given households extra cash to spare on other goods and services. See: Americans saved $14 billion as gasoline prices declined in 2014.

Tempora is one of the key NSA/GCHQ programs, allowing the spy agencies to collect vasts troves of data, but for some reason, it has sometimes been overlooked. After a couple of months from the Tempora revelation, a German newspaper revealed the names of the companies that collaborate with the GCHQ in the Tempora program: Verizon Business, British Telecommunications, Vodafone Cable, Global Crossing, Level 3, Viatel and Interoute.

4. NSA spies on foreign countries and world leaders

U.S. President Barack Obama, right, and German Chancellor Angela Merkel are seated together at a G7 dinner in Brussels, on June 4. Their relationship has been tense since reports revealed that the NSA tapped Merkel's phone.

最近雇主已经加大招聘力度。劳工部数据显示,10月份新增就业岗位17.1万个,今年以来平均每个月增加15.7万个。这个速度高于去年,并且是2006年以来最强劲的就业增长。[qh]
自从这家技术公司十年前开始发布这一年度报告以来,这是新闻首次成为最热门的搜索项。搜狐资深编辑兼网络趋势分析师陈女士(Vera Chan)说,出于各种原因,英国石油公司漏油事件成为了最热门的搜索话题。
He added that there was an unavoidable issue with the original plot, because Pussy Galore was cast as a lesbian who cannot help but be overcome with lust for Bond.

89家房企存货逾1.8万亿元 同比攀升14%

继续推进财税体制改革。
人的身体是十分脆弱的,有些娇弱的器官一旦破坏就永远难以复原。幸运的是,世界各地的研究人员都在研究能替代我们身体部位的生化机械器官。

The German newsweekly Der Spiegel revealed that the NSA targets at least 122 world leaders.

Other stories over the past years have named specific targets like German Chancellor Angela Merkel, Brazil's President Dilma Roussef, and Mexico's former President Felipe Calderon, the French Foreign Ministry, as well as leaders at the 2010 G8 and G20 summits in Toronto.

5. XKeyscore, the program that sees everything

XKeyscore is a tool the NSA uses to search "nearly everything a user does on the Internet" through data it intercepts across the world. In leaked documents, the NSA describes it as the "widest-reaching" system to search through Internet data.

6. NSA efforts to crack encryption and undermine Internet security

Encryption makes data flowing through the Internet unreadable to hackers and spies, making the NSA's surveillance programs less useful. What's the point of tapping fiber optic cables if the data flowing through them is unreadable? That's why the NSA has a developed a 北京住房租赁市场整改一个月:租赁价格普遍回落 to circumvent widely used web encryption technologies.

Her piece, titled “Back to Mother Nature," depicts an elaborate water-cleaning machine. Zhang worked with a team of artists at Google to animate her drawing.
喜剧类最佳男演员:杰佛里?塔博(Jeffrey Tambor),《透明家庭》(Transparent)
谷歌的品牌价值现在超过了1090亿美元,比苹果公司要高大约20亿美元,这使其成为了全世界最赚钱的公司。
Porto is nearly synonymous to port wine, and also its rich history. The city's historic center and the Alto Douro Wine Region have been listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

河北多部门联合整治房地产中介违法违规行为

5. “Carol” (Todd Haynes)
12) I often find myself worrying about something 0 1 2 3 4
课程安排:周五周六交替上课,入学伊始学员需参加一个为期一周的会议,还有一个为期一周的国际学习研讨会
一些最近发表的科学论文说,高空急流中这种持续较长的怪现象,由于全球变暖正在导致北极地区海洋中的冰迅速融化而变得更可能发生,但许多主要的科学家还没有被这种观点说服。
Recognize me?: image via blog.discoverymagazine.com
Much of the decline in Chinese imports stems from lower commodity prices, which in turn are a result of falling overall demand from China, long the world’s biggest consumer of materials such as iron ore, coal and copper.
China has been making progress in terms of prevention and control of AIDS, said Wang Bin, an NHC official in charge of disease prevention, during the press conference.
Payouts also varied substantially between industries and cities. The average bonus at financial institutions was over Rmb17,200, while those in the education sector got less than half of that on average at less than Rmb7,500.
乔纳森·格雷泽导演的《皮囊之下》讲述的是一位美丽又可怕的外星人的故事,她本身美丽,恐怖而且是个外星人:这是一部完全与众不同的,残暴的色情电影。乔纳森·格雷泽以前导演的优秀作品仅仅只是为这部电影做的局部模糊的铺垫。他的《性感野兽》(2000)是一部令人视觉上满足的,兴奋的,充满智慧的犯罪惊悚片,它超越了那个年代操着方言的悲剧老头的模式。《重生》(2004)有着库布里克式的精致与阴冷,电影中的一些画面,十分出色;它是一部值得奉为经典的电影,但尚未实现。接着十年过去了,对那些电影事业一直无法实现的人,格雷泽似乎成为他们的设计师。(天知道,这种事情总发生在那些有天赋的人身上)。

7. NSA elite hacking team techniques revealed

The NSA has at its disposal an elite hacker team codenamed "Tailored Access Operations" (TAO) that hacks into computers worldwide, infects them with malware and does the dirty job when other surveillance tactics fail.

Der Spiegel, which detailed TAO's secrets, labelled it as "a squad of plumbers that can be called in when normal access to a target is blocked." But they can probably be best described as the NSA's black bag operations team.

在10月份的第三场总统大选辩论中,两位总统候选人没教养地拒绝与对方握手问好或道别。
尽管2016年受调查机场的平均准点率同比提高7%至70.4%,但航班平均延误时长为33分钟。
It was not an auspicious start to the new year for bitcoin investors.
调查显示,75%的顾客都知道可穿戴技术(无论是作为前卫的时尚潮流,还是新时代的技术工具),但是只有9%的顾客有兴趣使用它们。根据调查,仅有2%的人表示自己拥有可穿戴设备,其中大部分都是健身追踪器或智能手表。
(og[coRVqG6sd,

8. NSA cracks Google and Yahoo data center links

When bulk collection or PRISM fails, the NSA had other tricks up its sleeve: It could infiltrate links connecting Yahoo and Google data centers, behind the companies' backs.

主流网络游戏仍然是大型多人在线角色扮演游戏 (MMORPG)。报告说,今年10月,中国最热门的10款网络游戏中有6款都属于大型多人在线角色扮演游戏。动视暴雪(Activision Blizzard)开发的《魔兽世界》(World of Warcraft)在注册用户和最高同时在线人数方面仍然排名榜首。但报告指出,目前围绕着这款游戏大陆运营权的政府监管纷争可能会给《魔兽世界》带来负面影响。网易公司目前持有《魔兽世界》的中国大陆独家运营权。

This story truly enraged the tech companies, which reacted with much more fury than before. Google and Yahoo announced plans to strengthen and encrypt those links to avoid this kind of surveillance, and a Google security employee even said on his Google+ account what many others must have thought privately: "Fuck these guys."

9. NSA collects text messages

It's not just about Internet data though. The NSA, following its unofficial motto of "collecting it all," intercepts 200 million text messages every day worldwide through a program called Dishfire.

3. The government bothlocal and national will invest in more technology-driven sectors, includingadvanced agriculture, transportation, medicine and other sectors. Thisinitiative will be aimed squarely at improving China’s productivity andmanufacturing competitiveness. There will be a national effort aimed atachieving quality, first-time yield and ensuring “productivity driven” globalcompetitiveness.
However, respondents also noted that social media has caused them to read fewer books, suffer from worse eyesight, sleep less and maintain less privacy, among other concerns.

Other documents also revealed that the NSA can "easily" crack cellphone encryption, allowing the agency to more easily decode and access the content of intercepted calls and text messages.

10. NSA intercepts all phone calls in two countries

The NSA intercepts and stores all phone calls made in the Bahamas and Afghanistan through a program called MYSTIC, which has its own snazzy logo.

The Bahamas was revealed by The Intercept, Greenwald's new website, while the second was revealed by WikiLeaks, which protested The Intercept's decision to withhold the second country's name.

We learned that you can never turn a wolf into a pet dog.

Bonus: Edward Snowden's first in-person interview with an American news outlet

(H/T to the site Free Snowden, which has an extensive and detailed list of all the NSA revelations.)