The 10 Biggest Revelations From Edward Snowden's Leaks

Former intelligence contractor Edward Snowden poses for a photo during an interview in an undisclosed location in December 2013 in Moscow, Russia.
Former intelligence contractor Edward Snowden poses for a photo during an interview in an undisclosed location in December 2013 in Moscow, Russia.
Image: Barton Gellman/Getty Images

One year ago, the Guardian published its first bombshell story based on leaked top-secret documents showing that the National Security Agency was spying on American citizens.

At the time, journalist Glenn Greenwald and the Guardian never mentioned that they had a treasure trove of other NSA documents, nor that they came from one person. Then three days later, the source surprisingly unmasked himself: His name was Edward Snowden.

Journalist Glenn Greenwald and the Guardian won a Pulitzer Prize for reporting based on Snowden's information.

单词slew 联想记忆:

税收数据验证楼市火爆:房地产相关税收大增

中国外汇储备在今年前11个月中的9个月下降,目前约为3.43万亿美元。投资者抛售人民币资产以保护自己免受贬值影响,而央行出售外汇储备中的美元以遏止人民币弱势。中国利率不断下降,而美联储(Federal Reserve)预计很快将开始加息,也助燃了资本外流。中国外汇储备曾在10月轻微反弹,似乎表明外流已趋于停止。
好在谷歌公司已于日前表示,他们不会让哈维尔支付这笔费用。
9. Firefighter
2017年最佳国家瑞士首度排名第一。瑞士以中立而闻名,“乐于谈生意”排名第三,“公民权益”排名第三。

1. Secret court orders allow NSA to sweep up Americans' phone records

The very first story revealed that Verizon had been providing the NSA with virtually all of its customers' phone records. It soon was revealed that it wasn't just Verizon, but 记者亲历办产权证:需求很“热”服务很“冷” in America.

This revelation is still one of the most controversial ones. Privacy advocates have challenged the legality of the program in court, and one Judge deemed the program unconstitutional and "almost Orwellian," while another one ruled it legal.

The uproar caused by this first story has led President Barack Obama to endorse a reform to the program, and the House of Representatives to pass the first law that tries to change it.

2. PRISM

The existence of PRISM was the second NSA bombshell, coming less than 24 hours after the first one. Initially, reports described PRISM as the NSA's program to directly access the servers of U.S tech giants like Google, Facebook, Microsoft and Apple, among others.

国务院常务会议落实降低社会保险费率部署 降低失业和工伤保险费率政策再延长一年

PRISM, we soon learned, was less less evil than first thought. In reality, the NSA doesn't have direct access to the servers, but can request user data from the companies, which are compelled by law to comply.

PRISM was perhaps as controversial as the first NSA scoop, prompting technology companies to first deny any knowledge of it, then later fight for the right to be more transparent about government data requests. The companies ended up partially winning that fight, getting the government to ease some restrictions and allow for more transparency.

3. Britain's version of the NSA taps fiber optic cables around the world

The upshot is that Chinese trade looks to have been surprisingly strong last month. We expect exports to continue to perform well in the coming months on the back of strong global demand.
电池电力可能最终被证明是一种过渡性技术。最近电池成本的降低速度已经放慢了,特斯拉曾经承诺要在2017年生产出价格在35,000美元左右的Model 3。要实现这个目标,特斯拉的电池成本需要下降30%。相比之下,丰田(Toyota)最近的举动非常出人意料。它与特斯拉签订的电池供应协议即将期满,但丰田并未续约,而是准备加倍投入研发氢燃料电池。燃料电池的成本下降速度要快于普通电池。而且燃料电池的拥趸们认为,车主肯定会更喜欢充电速度相对更快的燃料电池,而不是要为充电等上好几个小时。
据国家质量监督检验检疫总局发言人韩云平称,去年该局对1013批此类商品进行了随机检查--包括玩具、纸尿布、服装和厨具在内的消费品,其中415批商品不合格,占全部抽样产品的40.9%。
●"Woman arrested for defecating on boss’ desk after winning the lottery"

Tempora is one of the key NSA/GCHQ programs, allowing the spy agencies to collect vasts troves of data, but for some reason, it has sometimes been overlooked. After a couple of months from the Tempora revelation, a German newspaper revealed the names of the companies that collaborate with the GCHQ in the Tempora program: Verizon Business, British Telecommunications, Vodafone Cable, Global Crossing, Level 3, Viatel and Interoute.

4. NSA spies on foreign countries and world leaders

U.S. President Barack Obama, right, and German Chancellor Angela Merkel are seated together at a G7 dinner in Brussels, on June 4. Their relationship has been tense since reports revealed that the NSA tapped Merkel's phone.

华为的品牌价值增长22%,至190亿美元,其排名上升20个位次,至第50位。
What would he try for his solo move: "Sweet Creature" and "Ever Since New York" are intimate acoustic ballads; while "Kiwi" lets him strut his Oasis-style self at top volume. "Two Ghosts" is a break-up lament .
STEP 2: STIM

风口之下 “新零售+家居建材”走向何处?

[di't?:min]
Hilcorp Energy

The German newsweekly Der Spiegel revealed that the NSA targets at least 122 world leaders.

Other stories over the past years have named specific targets like German Chancellor Angela Merkel, Brazil's President Dilma Roussef, and Mexico's former President Felipe Calderon, the French Foreign Ministry, as well as leaders at the 2010 G8 and G20 summits in Toronto.

5. XKeyscore, the program that sees everything

XKeyscore is a tool the NSA uses to search "nearly everything a user does on the Internet" through data it intercepts across the world. In leaked documents, the NSA describes it as the "widest-reaching" system to search through Internet data.

6. NSA efforts to crack encryption and undermine Internet security

Encryption makes data flowing through the Internet unreadable to hackers and spies, making the NSA's surveillance programs less useful. What's the point of tapping fiber optic cables if the data flowing through them is unreadable? That's why the NSA has a developed a 新政遭遇疯狂“透支” 楼市踏空风险逐渐加剧 to circumvent widely used web encryption technologies.

They are beginning to fret far more about insecure contracts, precarious scheduling, low wages and new forms of work via online gig economy platforms such as Uber. The OECD, the influential Paris-based club for rich countries, will publish a “jobs strategy” in 2018 that is likely to put much more emphasis on the quality and inclusiveness of work.
The 60-episode TV drama was adapted from a novel Legend of Princess Pearl published in 2007. It focuses on the protagonist Shen Zhenzhu’s romance with her husband and their efforts to protect the country.
康乃尔大学商学院院长兼该报告的合著者苏米特拉·达塔表示:“在提高创新素质上面投资是 缩小创新鸿沟的关键。”
平均工作经验:费城班10年,旧金山班12年

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Philippa Langley, a member of the Richard III Society who coordinated and helped fund the search, said she hoped a new image would emerge of the king and "the two-dimensional character devised by the Tudors will be no more".
愿新春美景与欢乐常伴随你!
appearance
联合国下属的国际农业发展基金会(IFAD)上周三表示,2016年,约有2亿名打工人员--其中一半是女性--向他们在亚洲、拉美和非洲的家人汇款4450亿美元。
在中国版推特新浪微博上,很多网民为男孩危急情况下的勇敢、淡定点赞。
然而,她辩称,亚洲ETF流动性较低的问题反映了基金分销体系未能激励中介销售ETF。她说:“我认为没有快速的解决办法,但如果亚洲转向收费模式,会出现起色。”
Ever since the 1994 World Cup, the average scoring has been on a steady downward slope. In 2010 it bottomed out at 2.27, the second lowest average in World Cup history (1990 averaged just 2.20).
And, this year, Star Wars found its way onto the list as well, with ‘starwars’ claiming the 16th spot.
Most of these islands were owned by corporations planning tourism, but also by individuals who built private clubhouses to entertain friends.

7. NSA elite hacking team techniques revealed

The NSA has at its disposal an elite hacker team codenamed "Tailored Access Operations" (TAO) that hacks into computers worldwide, infects them with malware and does the dirty job when other surveillance tactics fail.

Der Spiegel, which detailed TAO's secrets, labelled it as "a squad of plumbers that can be called in when normal access to a target is blocked." But they can probably be best described as the NSA's black bag operations team.

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前十强还包括排第二的卢森堡大学,第四的洛桑联邦理工学院,第五的日内瓦大学,第七的苏黎世联邦理工学院,第八的圣加仑大学,第九的新加坡国立大学和第十的帝国理工学院(伦敦大学)。
这是第二枚被拍卖的诺贝尔和平奖奖牌,得主是第一个获得该奖项的拉美人——1936年诺贝尔和平奖奖牌被授予当年的阿根廷外长卡洛斯·萨维德·拉莫斯。
电影迷们很快就能在北京国际电影节上庆祝一场视觉盛宴了,该电影节上还将放映近500部高质量电影。
4. Mark Turner Quartet “Lathe of Heaven” (ECM) On his first proper album as a leader in 13 years, the tenor saxophonist Mark Turner favors slithery interplay with the trumpeter Avishai Cohen, and finds new purpose in post-bop protocols. There’s dry intrigue in his compositions, and supple exactitude in his rhythm team: Joe Martin on bass, Marcus Gilmore on drums.

8. NSA cracks Google and Yahoo data center links

When bulk collection or PRISM fails, the NSA had other tricks up its sleeve: It could infiltrate links connecting Yahoo and Google data centers, behind the companies' backs.

He then proceeded to ram the violin through the canvas.

This story truly enraged the tech companies, which reacted with much more fury than before. Google and Yahoo announced plans to strengthen and encrypt those links to avoid this kind of surveillance, and a Google security employee even said on his Google+ account what many others must have thought privately: "Fuck these guys."

9. NSA collects text messages

It's not just about Internet data though. The NSA, following its unofficial motto of "collecting it all," intercepts 200 million text messages every day worldwide through a program called Dishfire.

瑞士洛桑国际管理发展学院在针对所有在职管理人员的开放招生课程排行榜中拔得头筹,在针对企业客户的定制课程排行榜中攀升了两位,升至第二。西班牙Iese商学院在定制课程排行榜上继续保持榜首位置,在开放课程排行榜中仍位居第二。
上世纪70年代,考林斯出生在落后的、种族隔离时期的南非。她的童年经历让她更关注通过民间的努力改善贫困女性的生活。创办Wonderbag的灵感源自她观察祖母借助垫子做饭的经历。Wonderbag使用保暖技术在8至12个小时内烹饪食物,无需额外增加燃料。考林斯亲眼见证了非洲女性使用Wonderbag所带来的好处——它减少了她们收集柴火的时间。每卖出一个Wonderbag,这家公司就会向非洲的家庭捐赠一个这样的袋子。过去四年,Wonderbag已经走进600,000个非洲家庭。考林斯还通过亚马逊(Amazon)在美国推出了Wonderbag,并希望到2014年的时候能够通过其他零售商出售自己的产品。

Other documents also revealed that the NSA can "easily" crack cellphone encryption, allowing the agency to more easily decode and access the content of intercepted calls and text messages.

10. NSA intercepts all phone calls in two countries

The NSA intercepts and stores all phone calls made in the Bahamas and Afghanistan through a program called MYSTIC, which has its own snazzy logo.

The Bahamas was revealed by The Intercept, Greenwald's new website, while the second was revealed by WikiLeaks, which protested The Intercept's decision to withhold the second country's name.

“今年榜单有趣的地方之一是,尽管网站都开始实行更严的密码设定政策,位数少的密码仍出现在今年的榜单上。”

Bonus: Edward Snowden's first in-person interview with an American news outlet

(H/T to the site Free Snowden, which has an extensive and detailed list of all the NSA revelations.)